The Fundamentals of Options Trading Basis
The Fundamentals of Options Trading Basis
In the early morning of February 9, 1991, the victim (a student at U.-Oshkosh University) woke up and found a man standing in the bedroom of her apartment. He drew his knife and raped her vaginally and orally. Then he got dressed and went out.
When the victim called 911 after the attack, she identified her landlord as the attacker. The police collected several physical evidence, including pillowcases and semen-stained sheets from the bed where the attack took place. Ms. Lindow told police that the attacker had a mustache, a raspy voice and was approximately 6 feet 1 inches tall. ”
In this case, several identification procedures were carried out, none of which included the owner of the apartment. The first, photographic material, was taken two days after the attack. The victim did not identify anyone, however, in a subsequent live identification, she found someone who, in her opinion, looked like the attacker. Despite this preliminary identification, the police included Frey, rather than the person who reminded her of the assailant, in the third procedure, another set of photographs. She discovered similarities between Frey and her adversary, but again refused to make positive identification. Then, two months after the attack, during the fourth identification procedure, she examined Frey and four other men whom she had not seen in previous arrays or groups. Although the victim stated that she was undecided between Frey and the other person, she ultimately chose Frey, but also stated that she could not “positively identify” the person who attacked her.
Frey became a suspect because he was involved in two similar sexual assaults in Green Bay. He pleaded guilty to these crimes, but insisted on his innocence of the Oshkosh crime. (He was ultimately convicted of these crimes prior to trial for raping a UW-Oshkosh student, although one sentence was eventually overturned.)
Police collected evidence from the crime scene, but with the exception of the semen-stained sheets, they were all improperly destroyed in 1992, before the trial in December 1993. The evidence was labeled “hold up for investigation or evidence,” and the detective who destroyed the evidence did not remember being ordered to do so. Police records, inventory records, chain of custody records, etc. were also destroyed, so there is no record of what evidence was originally collected. However, RFLP testing on semen-stained sheets ruled out Frey as a sperm source in 1991, prior to his December 1993 trial. The victim’s boyfriend was also removed from the list of donors.
The state explained the lack of any biological evidence from Frey, arguing that the seeds must have been left behind with another man, possibly the neighbor’s boyfriend. A roommate claimed to have had sex with her boyfriend on the victim’s bed. The state also provided testimony from a prison informer who said Frey had confessed to raping two women in Green Bay and one in Oshkosh. Frey was convicted by a jury in Winnebago County on February 2, 1994.
After the Sentence
Frey believed that all of the exhibits in the case had been destroyed, but recently sperm-stained sheets were found. STR analysis revealed the DNA of the convicted sex offender (James E. Crawford) mixed with that of the victim. Crawford was never a suspect in the initial investigation, but at the time of the attack he was living in Oshkosh and roughly matched the attacker’s description.
Crawford repeatedly sexually assaulted two young sisters after attacking a UW-Oshkosh student and was sentenced to 30 years in prison for the crimes. According to police, Crawford’s mother said he tried to confess to rape before his death in 2008 (due to multiple sclerosis and heart problems).
With the help of the Wisconsin Innocence Project, Judge Daniel Bissett overturned Frey’s conviction on March 22, 2013, but Frey remained in jail while the state decided whether to repeat his case. The prosecutors decided not to repeat Frey’s case and asked the judge to dismiss his case; charges were dropped and he was released on 12 July 2013. Frey would have been released on other sexual assault charges in 2005, which would have meant that he served eight years for a crime he did not commit.
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